OverviewIf you’re looking for a cosmetic treatment to improve skin appearance, microdermabrasion might be right for you. This non-invasive cosmetic treatment rejuvenates the skin by reducing/eliminating signs of aging like wrinkles, fine lines, stretch marks and sun damage. Our skin is the first line of defense when it comes to the elements, every day dealing with the effects of sun exposure, pollutants in the air, etc. So it’s not surprise that this exposure takes a toll leaving the skin looking weathered and worn. Fortunately, microdermabrasion offers a solution to these overexposure issues, helping to revitalize the skin and make for a more youthful appearance. This treatment uses repeated exfoliation to bring about new, supple layers of skin, leaving that unforgettable, radiant glow. Since its invention over 30 years ago, it remains one of the most popular nonsurgical cosmetic procedures in the United States.
Microdermabrasion is a skin-enhancing procedure that uses epidermal resurfacing to treat a variety of skin issues, such as acne scarring and sunspots. (1) As opposed to surgery or chemical peels, which are more invasive and require more recovery time, microdermabrasion is relatively conservative and requires virtually no downtime. Patients can even return to work right after having the treatment, which is why it has been nicknamed by some as “the lunchtime peel.”
During the procedure, tiny crystals on the end of a hand-held vacuum are used as an abrasive on the skin to gently remove the top layer of skin, called the stratum corneum. (1) As the skin heals, a new, fresh layer forms, revealing improved tone and texture. Although only the top layer is exfoliated, studies show that microdermabrasion affects the deeper layers of skin as well by rearranging skin pigment cells, improving wound healing, and increasing collagen density. (1) A trained medical doctor, nurse, medical assistant, or aesthetician performs the procedure in an outpatient setting, such as a medical clinic or spa. The entire procedure takes anywhere from 30-60 minutes to complete.
Microdermabrasion has been touted as a treatment modality for a number of skin concerns. Including:
- Fine lines
- Sun damage
- Age spots
- Mild acne scarring
- Black/white heads
- Oily skin or dry/patching skin
- Stretch marks
Microdermabrasion can offer improvements in several skin qualities: (2)
- Color, tone, and texture of skin
- Skin contour
- Ability of skin to absorb medications
The best candidates for microdermabrasion are healthy adults of any skin color with minor skin imperfections, like acne scarring or sun damage. It is important to have realistic expectations when considering this treatment, as some conditions require more aggressive approaches. Results are best when the patient follows the treatment plan of the health care provider administering the microdermabrasion.
Microdermabrasion is not recommended for people with active skin infections or breakouts, such as acne (stage 3 and 4), open lesions, or herpes. Other contraindications include skin cancer, warts, sunburns, rosacea and eczema. (1) People with uncontrolled diabetes, auto-immune disorders, and pregnant women should avoid microdermabrasion. (1) When deeper scars, keloid scars, or deep wrinkles are present, a stronger treatment, such as a chemical peel or laser resurfacing, may be recommended. (1)
There are few side effects associated with microdermabrasion. Occasionally, people will experience temporary redness and bruising. In addition, they may feel like their skin has been exposed to sun or wind. The provider will usually recommend applying a moisturizer to the face immediately following the treatment and avoiding makeup application for the remainder of the day. This allows for the skin to breathe after the treatment and begin a healthy regeneration process.
When deeper scarring or more intense discoloration is present, microdermabrasion may not be a strong enough treatment. In these cases, there are a few alternatives, such as:
- Chemical Peels: chemical peels exfoliate deeper layers of skin, and therefore can clear up deeper skin imperfections. There are multiple strength options of chemical peels, including light, moderate, and deep. Your clinician will be able to direct you on which one is most appropriate for your skin type. Unlike microdermabrasion, these treatments typically cause extreme redness and discomfort, and they require up to a week at home to recover after the procedure
- Laser Resurfacing: also called photo-rejuvenation, this technique uses lasers to treat more serious skin conditions, such as deep wrinkles, spots, and wounds. Like chemical peels, these treatments are more effective for some skin conditions, but they also require downtime following the procedure
- Dermabrasion: this involves using a rotating brush to obtain a deeper resurfacing of the skin than is provided by microdremabrasion. The effects are more pronounced, but ore downtime is required
- Dermal fillers: these are injectable gels that are designed to reduce facial contour issues such as scarring, wrinkles, and loose skin by plumping up the underlying tissues so as to lift up the skin. More than one injection session may be required, and effects last on average 6-12 months, depending on the product used. Some popular dermal fillers include Juvederm Injectable Gel Fillers, Radiesse and Restylane injections.
- Botulinum toxin: this is an injectable neurotoxin that is used to reduce fine lines and wrinkles by relaxing the underlying muscles. Effects are temporary, lasting 3-4 months. Popular brands include Botox Cosmetic, Dysport and Xeomin injections.
- Topical creams: there are a variety of topical treatments available for treating skin discoloration, lines and wrinkles, or loose skin. Some are available over the counter, while some are only available through prescription. They are generally used for mild skin concerns.
- Face-lift surgery: face lift surgery is the ultimate treatment for lines, wrinkles, and loose skin. It is more invasive, but the effects are longer lasting, usually up to 10 years.
A major draw of microdermabrasion is its effectiveness over chemical peels and laser resurfacing on other parts of the body. The neck and chest are common areas for sunspots and light wrinkles to accumulate. These areas, along with the knees and even elbows, are safely treated with microdermabrasion. Studies have shown that chemical peels and photorejuvenation are not nearly as helpful as microdermabrasion in treating skin areas other than the face. (1)
- Less time and discomfort
- No downtime or recovery
- Least invasive of facial treatments
- Safe and effective for all skin types
- Better than chemical peels and laser resurfacing for chest, neck, knees, elbows, etc.
- Shah M, Crane JS. Microdermabrasion. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; May 4, 2020.
- Karimipour DJ, Karimipour G, Orringer JS. Microdermabrasion: an evidence-based review. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010;125(1):372-377. doi:10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181c2a583.